Regenerative medicine – is one of the areas of modern medicine that solves the problem of repairing damaged (injured) organs and tissues of a person by activating his own cells or using cell transplantation.
In modern medicine, multipotent mesenchymal stromal cells (MMSCs) are used – these are early differentiated cells that can repair almost any damage, turning in place into cells necessary for the body (cartilage, bone, fat, muscle, nerve, liver, heart muscle) and stimulating internal reserves of organism to the regeneration (restoration) of an organ or tissue. Such cells are contained, for example, in bone marrow and adipose tissue.
Adipose tissue, as a source for cells isolation, has a number of advantages over bone marrow. It is possible to get a larger number of viable cells from adipose tissue; the quality of the cells is in no way inferior to the bone marrow.
Another important factor is the relative simplicity of cell collection – liposuction, which is widespread in aesthetic medicine.
MMSCs are isolated from adipose tissue along with the cells surrounding blood vessels, which have a huge regenerative (regenerative) potential. Such a cell complex is called the stromal-vascular fraction (SVF).
At the moment, SVF is widely used in modern medical practice, as a minimally manipulated, highly effective cell product. This term is used to denote a product that can be obtained within a single surgical intervention. In the process of preparing SVF, cells are not subjected to cultivation or other aggressive influences.